A research proposal is written by a researcher to propose a research project. The purpose of writing a research proposal is either to get approval to carry on the research from your supervisor or to get sponsorship to support your research.
There are various types of research proposals such as
A solicited research proposal is that you write when you are asked to research on it with some specific requirements.
An unsolicited research proposal is that you write without any prior request. This type of research proposal you write to get funds to carry out research on a particular topic.
This type of research proposal is that you write to get the review of your supervisor before actually the submission of the full research proposal. It is usually an abstract of the full research proposal.
In the next section, you will get to know about the format of a research proposal and different section included in it.
Format of Research Proposal
Title of a research proposal is the most important component of the whole research proposal report. The length of this title should be less than 25 words and it should describe the purpose of the research using fewest possible words.
Choose the title of your research proposal after adequate deliberation, because this part of the research proposal is read first and build the interest of the reader.
An abstract is the second most read section of a research proposal. The length of this section must be between 300-500 words. This section contains important information from each section of the research proposal report.
Writing a to the point and well-structured abstract is not an easy job. Therefore, you should write your abstract after finish writing your whole research proposal report. Proofread it and also get it proofread by your mentor and edit if you find any ambiguities in it.
3) Table of Content
In this section, you will write the headings and sub-headings of your research proposal report. An accurate table of content help readers to find any information quickly. You can find various formats for writing a table of content.
Otherwise, if you are writing your research proposal report using Microsoft Office you can generate an automatic table of content by using accurate headings.
Here is an example of a table of content
- Heading 1
- Heading 1
2.1 Subheading 1
2.1.1 Subheading 2
22.214.171.124 Subheading 3
2.1.2 Subheading 2
2.2 Subheading 2
3 Heading 1
And so on.
Above example will help you to understand how to correct table of content correctly.
This section will include all basic and introductory information about your research proposal topic. Information in this section can help your reader to get familiar with your search topic. The length of an introduction should be between 500-700 words.
You can also use diagrams and images to provide a better understanding of your field of research.
5) Statement of the problem or Objective
This section is usually 100-150 words long. In this section, you will elaborate your objective to conduct research. You will talk about the problems in the existing techniques and will also mention what you propose to overcome those problems.
You will mention the list of tasks that you intend to perform to reach your proposed solution. It should be highly-focused and most importantly feasible. Write this section after a lot of deliberation, because your whole research will depend on it. A properly defined problem makes easy to conduct research further.
6) Literature Review
This is one of the longest sections of your research proposal report. In this section, you will provide brief details of the information that you have gained by reading review papers, research papers, books related to your research topic, published articles, etc.
Make sure to refer each of your literature correctly and include correct and precise information. It will take you a really long time to read all the relevant literature.
Therefore, you should start reviewing literature as soon as you decide your topic of research. If you don’t want to get into the trouble of reading everything all over again, I will suggest you make notes about each paper you read. Using this tip, you can write your literature review quickly.
A hypothesis is a tentative statement about the outcome of the research performed. You will base your hypothesis on the basis of your literature review.
You will form your hypothesis by reading the outcomes of similar researches. It is not necessary that your results should be in accord with your hypothesis. There are chances that you may get different results.
In such a scenario, you can conclude your research with a negative outcome. However, writing hypothesis is not an easy task. Writing a hypothesis requires a lot of skills and practice. It plays an important role to decide the success of your research. The length of a hypothesis lies between 100-150 words.
8) Sampling methods and techniques
In this section, you will mention the type of participants and number of participants and on what basis did you select a particular sample. You will provide the all required information related to sampling and its techniques. the length of this section can be between 200-300 words,
In this section, you will elaborate on your methodologies you will use to conduct research. This section is technical section. Make sure you are aware of all the terminologies you used in this section.
The size of this section lies between 500-600 words. It can also exceed this limit depending on the type of your research methodologies used.
10) Ethical and Legal consideration
In this section, you will mention all the required approvals that you have got from various departments. It could be related to human or animal participants or it could be about the use of a particular drug.
This section is usually part of medical or biology researches.
11) Time Schedule
In this section, you will mention the expected time duration within which you will complete your research and make a report on it. in this section, you will allocate time to various segments of your research such as literature review, sampling, report writing, etc.
The length of this section lies between 100-200 words.
In this section, you will provide a simple explanation of all technical words and jargons used in the research. This section is important because it will help readers to understand your research proposal report better. The length of this section depends on the number of terminologies used in report writing.
In the last section, you will make the list of everything that you have referred to write your report. There are a number of formats that you can find in the reference section of the Microsoft office word document. You are suggested to use the only format that has been mentioned in the guidelines for writing a research proposal.
In addition to this, you can also cite reference wherever you have used in the text of the report. In this way, people can easily refer to literature that you used in your research proposal writing.