Leadership is the style of a person who uses power in order to lead other people. A leader is someone who is looked up to by the fellow members or the followers. Most of the actions of leaders are either imitated are followed by the followers which is why leaders have to be very cautious in every step. Leadership is classified into different types based on the way it is conducted.
Following are the 14 Main types of leadership
1) Laissez-faire leadership :
This type of leadership is also known as non-interfering leadership which relies heavily on its subordinates to make a proper decision and initiative in the administration is at a very minimum level. This is why it is known as the Laissez-faire type of leadership. One of the important characteristics of this type of leadership is that this kind of data does not give any direction to the group, rather he gets the group work on their own problems and establishes their own goals. The primary idea of this type of leadership is that when the members are left alone they will put their best effort to achieve the best results and this is the only way in which results can be achieved which is why the leader plays a very insignificant role.
It is seen that the leader in this type of leadership acts simply as an indicator or as an empire. It is also seen that since there is no control over the employees of the organization it can result in the organization drifting away from its vision and mission. A similar experiment which was conducted by boy scout club shows that democratic leadership made very little or no difference invoices and autocratic leadership established antagonism in the group which resulted in the hostility of the group towards their autocratic leader. The work was dropped to a very low level when the leader was absent.
When democratic and Laissez-faire types of leadership were compared, it was seen that groups tend to develop cordial approaches and friendly nature with their leaders in latter but the former successfully won the group loyalties, whether in case of latter the groups were seen to be less productive with no or very fewer suggestions.
2) Democratic Leadership :
In democratic leadership, the subordinate sir consulted for the participation and the formation and execution of the plans and policies. Authority in a democratic type of leadership is decentralized and the leader more often than not encourages the participation of other team members in the process of decision making. This is also known as a participative type of leadership since the leader ensure that the participation is there from all of the members of the group. The subordinates are led by the leader by the mode of preservation and formation of example rather than force or by implementing fear. It is also seen that the leader acts like an empire for the generation of new ideas and suggestions from the team which is also known as theory Y.
It is often seen that ordinary employees are unable to make effective decisions and execute them properly at their work which is your decision making power who was given entirely with the management. But recent studies have shown that contrary to the popular belief mentioned above the subordinate participation is crucial for effective execution of the decision-making process. This will ensure and enthusiasm in the audience and employees feel wanted and needed in the organization since the organization welcomes their ideas and suggestions.
This also ensures that the suggestions for improvement are considered in the company. Apart from having improved morale and better motivation the democratic leadership has other advantages like the increased association with higher management and better job performance and also a reduction in employee issues.
3) Paternalistic Leadership :
This management style like its name considers the fact that this leadership is Fatherly or Paternal. Write the name the relationship between the group and their leader is at the head of the family has with the other members of the family. The leader in the paternalistic leadership protects and guides his subordinates just like a father would protect the members of his family. And also like the head of the family the leader ensures that his followers or under good working conditions and have proper benefits associated with the work.
This type of leadership was substance to be successful in Japan. This type of leadership assumes that workers out of gratitude will work harder. It is also prevalent in many firms in India however it is online today to work with adult and mature employees since they do not like to be looked over by father is a figure. Instead of generating gratitude the rivers are happening presentment might accumulate in the senior employees.
4) Autocratic Leadership :
Autocratic leadership is also known as authoritarian leadership and like the name suggests that centralizers the power and decision making in one person. The orders are given and duties are assigned without consulting the employees. The leader plays an important role in autocratic leadership since he takes his authority and responsibility for all the decisions of the group or the team. Generally, autocratic leadership is seen as a negative type of leadership since it is based on punishment.
The followers do not have their own freedom to choose from the available decisions rather they act as they are directed and he does not care for the opinion of the following and does not allow them to influence his decision. The autocratic leader also believes that since it is under his authority he is alone and titled to decide what is the best situation for a given or the present situation.
Following orders of the superiors, he is the prime principle in autocratic leadership since it is also based upon your supervision and the commanding order of the senior. Good decision and prompt actions are usually taken an autocratic leadership and leader alone can decide what is right and what is wrong which is why the importance associated with leaders in this type of leadership is very crucial.
Too much of centralization of authority in one hand may result in the industrial disputes and strikes from the laborer’s which produces frustration and decreases in the capacity of the employees.
To avoid punishment, it is seen that employees work for very hard and autocratic leadership. Autocratic leadership is criticized on many grounds like the new generation is not submissive and does not like to be controlled since they value their Independence more. It is also seen that people often go after the jobs that satisfy the Ego. There are three further categories of autocratic leadership:
- Hardcore Autocratic: As the name suggests this is the leader who relies on negative influences along with punishment and induces fear as a prime directive in controlling is subordinated towards the vision and mission of the organization. Employees become more and more resentful towards such a leader.
- The Benevolent Autocrat: This is the leadership is mainly on the rewards and recognitions which are termed as positive influences in controlling his followers and uses that to obtain the vision and mission of the organization. Good and positive phrases with pats on the back are what secures the followers and they accept and execute his decisions.
- The Manipulative Autocrat: This is this leader who makes the employees feel that they are an important part of the decision-making process but in reality, it is the manager rinses was taken executed the decision without consulting the employees. This is termed as Theory X.
President Donald Trump of the USA is the most recent example of people who support Autocratic leadership.
5) Strategic leadership :
When the leader who is also heading an organization is termed as strategic leadership. The leader who follows this type of leadership is not Limited to the top management. Strategic leadership appeals to a wide range of audience at different levels who are high performers and want the same in their life and organization and in their team.
The role of the strategic leader is to fill the gap between the practicality and the new possibility by providing a regular set of habits. Strategic leadership is termed as effective when one delivers the goods in terms of matching the expectation of the organization and from its leadership in difficult times. Strategic thinking as an essential part of strategic leadership.
6) Transformational leadership :
This type of leadership is unlike other styles of leadership since it involves incepting the change right from the lowest level to the highest level in the organization. The leaders in this type of leadership and ensure that the motivate others to do more than they planned and often more than the thought it was possible.
The challenging expectations are set in order to achieve higher performance. It is often seen that transformational leadership has more committed and satisfied followers than other types of leadership. It is often seen that the reason for satisfied followers in transformational leadership is because the leaders are this type of leadership empower their followers. It creates an intellectually stimulating environment which motivates the staff to add more to the organization.
7) Team Leadership :
This type of leadership includes a clear picture of the future and a proper direction where it is heading and the values on which it stands. This inspires a strong sense of direction and purpose for the organization. This type of leadership in valves working with mines and hearts of all the people involved. It also ensures that the team works why not involve cooperative or trusting relationships. It is often seen that this kind of leadership does not work and is often attributed to poor leadership qualities.
8) Cross-Cultural Leadership :
This is the type of leadership which exists where there are multiple cultures in the same place. This type of leadership helps in the grassroots level employees of work in a different global market and helps them to get away to be recognized. International organizations typically require a leader who is able to adjust to the different environment of the organization. The leadership that is present in the United States are often cross-cultural into the fact that many cultures work and earn their livelihood there.
9) Facilitative Leadership :
When the leadership is dependent on the outcomes rather than a skill, rather than that, it takes a lot of effort to master the skill it is known as facilitative leadership.
In a high functioning group the leader of facilitative leadership uses of a light hand on the overall process and for the low functioning group, the facilitative leader will initiate help in the group in order to run their processes. An effective facility to dealership involves monitoring of the group in various aspects such as process suggestion interventions dynamics and ensures that the group stays on track.
10) Transactional Leadership :
This type of leadership maintains the status quo in the group. This type of leadership also ensures that the following get immediate rewards which are tangible in nature for obeying the orders of the leader. Like the name suggests transactional leadership is other basic and focuses on the principle of exchange.
The review important skills of leadership like being clear or giving feedback and transactional leadership may include clarification of the performance of employees on explaining to them how to meet and exceed the set expectations along with the allocation of rewards and recognition that are suitable on meeting the objectives. It is also involved in establishing strait and a clear chain of command.
11) Charismatic Leadership :
The leader manifests his or her own revolutionary power which is termed as charismatic leadership. Charisma involves the transformation of the beliefs and the basic characteristics of the followers and is not limited only to behavioral change.
This is the reason why a Charismatic leader is distinguished from a popular leader who influences the attitudes of the crowd towards certain objects but is not as prepared as the charismatic leader is usually to transform the basic underlying orientation which forms the pillars of specific attitudes. The best type of leadership designs substance on the personality and exuberant personality of the leader. In most cases, charismatic leadership is not considered favorable going to the fact that the success of projects or very closely linked to the presence of the leader.
12) Visionary Leadership :
Visionary leadership is the one which involves leaders who follow the steps and methods and knowledge in these methods are obtained via people. Vision is an important aspect of success not many great leaders. Only a few exemplary leaders exhibit visionary leadership and they are the ones who are outstanding in their fields and will continue to transform the reality according to their vision.
13) Situational Leadership :
As the name suggests situational leadership is the one which involves and applies different styles of leadership and changes that according to the situation. For example, The reader may adopt a bureaucratic leadership in certain situations when dealing with workers or factory protocols, or adopt a democratic leadership when there is a discussion going on with senior executives.
While the situational leadership is proved to be successful in many aspects, some people are born with the inherent talent of leadership which is difficult to switch which is why natural leaders have a difficult time adopting the situational leadership. Also switching styles of leadership requires a lot of experience in all the types of leadership.
14) Bureaucratic Leadership :
This is the type of leadership which is implemented in a regulated and high the administrative environment where the following rules and a predefined set of norms are very important. This type of leadership works in certain rows such as health and safety but does not work in developed and fast-paced organizations.
The above were all the Different Types of Leadership observed in an Organization.
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