Management is essential, as well as an integral part of every organization. The main purpose of management to guide the people working in the organization to achieve the organization’s goal.
Management can be defined as an individual or a group of people or managers who take the responsibility to run an organization. Management is responsible for taking all important decisions for the organization and also make sure that all the physical resources are being utilized properly.
In this article, you will learn about the different features of management to establish a better understanding of it.
Features of Management
#1. Management is both an art as well as science
Management is both an art as well as a science because managing an organization requires certain skills and people who are part of the management team required to have these skills to perform their job effectively.
On the other hand, members of the management of an organization set some rules, principles, and laws to make the employees of the organization perform in a coordinated way. Coordination of the activities of the employees of a large organization is important otherwise
It will be impossible to achieve the goals of the organization.
#2. Management is a group work
Even though it is common to observe an individual managing a small organization, but it is never an individual who is managing the whole organization he relies on friends or family in decision making (however, not official).
But it always takes more than one person to manage an organization. In large organizations, each member of the management has a different role to play.
For example, there will be different managers for managing an HR department, and production department and the views and opinions of all the managers are considered while taking an important decision regarding the organization.
#3. Management is a continuous activity
In addition to being a group activity, management is also a continuous activity. Managers of the organization have a continuous role to play in the organization. They are responsible for planning, organizing, and giving directions and controlling the use of physical resources of the organization.
The management is responsible for taking decision, plan, and Distributing the work among the employees of the organization and their work does not end with assigning the work, they are required to supervise the employees and help them whenever required.
#4. Planned and organized activities
The management is responsible for planning ahead of the times. They decide the goals of the organization at least one year ahead rather than making momentary decisions.
The role of management is to plan the activities in such a way so that they can fulfill the demand at any time of the year.
#5. Management creates discipline
Discipline is an important element for an organization. Discipline is necessary to achieve the goals on time and to utilize the maximum potential of the employees.
The discipline can be created by forcing rules and laws, which is the primary job of the management of the organization.
#6. Management is goal-oriented
Each organization set goals that it wants to achieve in a certain period of time and in order to utilize the maximum potential of their employees. A manager is responsible for plant, organizing, directing, staffing, and controlling their subordinates to achieve these goals.
In addition to this, the success of a manager is measured on the base of how effectively and how fast he can make his team attain the goal. The manager of each department achieves the goal of the department in order to achieve the overall goal of the organization.
#7. An intangible entity
Management does not have a physical form. Management can not be seen or touched, but their presence can be felt. The control of management can be felt when important decisions are taken.
The success of the management can be realized based on how successfully they achieve their goals and how effectively they make the employees of the organization use their skills to achieve the decided goals.
#8. Management is indispensable
One of the most important features of the management of an organization is an essential part of the organization, and it can be replaced by anything else.
Even computers being extremely powerful tool cannot replace the manager. A manager has a vision and can take quick decision by analyzing the situation and can make employees work by giving them emotional support.
A manager can pass judgment and can work on its own, whereas a computer requires somebody to operate it, and it is incapable of passing judgment without human intervention.
#9. Management ensures a better work environment
A good and healthy work environment increases the productivity, and work efficiency of the employees and management is responsible for creating a good work environment in the organization by enforcing rules and regulations.
They can encourage employees and give them hope and moral support whenever they need.
#10. Management makes others work to achieve the goals
The important features of management are to make others work and using the efforts of others to achieve the goals of the organization.
Every other employee of the organization such as an engineer, an accountant, a salesman, or sales analyst has a specific role to play whereas the role of a manager is to integrate the activities of all these employees to achieve the goal.
Therefore, the role of a manager is as important as any other employee of the organization.
#11. Management is dynamic
One of the most important features of management is that it is dynamic. Management can take any shape and can adapt to the environment of any organization.
For example, in small organization management can be formed by an individual whereas, in a large organization, the management consists of managers of different departments.
Therefore, we can say that the size of management is not fixed; it changes with the size of the organization. Larger the size of the organization larger will be the size of the management.
#12. Management is a social process
Management is a social process because people make it, and its main job is to manage people. Management does not perform any task or does not produce anything, but it manages the people who perform these works.
People are necessary for the existence of management. A manager also performs the job of a leader. He also leads them and makes them achieve organizational goals.
#13. Management is multidisciplinary
Another important features of management are that it is multidisciplinary; management requires to know the different disciplines such as sociology, engineering, economics, production, anthropology, and psychology, etc.
The members of management have experience in different fields, and their experience of respective fields helps perform a different task.