Management Accounting is all about assisting the management in taking up the business activities in an effective manner. When we think about the major objectives of management accounting, this remains to be the primary objective that the concept is focussed on.
Rest of the targets would be completely dependent upon this main goal and designed to that common objective.
What are the Objectives of Management Accounting?
Apart from assisting the business in achieving its goals of handling the business activities effectively, the management accounting also takes care of a few other objectives as we will be discussing here. Let us discuss them one by one in finer detail.
1) Helping out in planning and formulating the policies
Management accounting is aimed at helping the business achieve its business activities. One of the best options to do it is to invest in proper planning. Planning is all about working towards deciding the actions for the future – these actions include deciding on what needs to be done, when and by whom. It also involves deciding how things are to be done.
Planning involves focusing on future activities and their execution in a more practical and effective manner. The assistance also involves budgetary control for the proper execution of the business goals of the organization.
2) Proper interpretation of the financial status
Accounting is all about financial calculations and allocations. It may not be well understood by everyone involved in the decision making. Management Accounting can help interpret the financial information in a way it is understood by every stakeholder.
Thus one of the major objectives of management accounting involves explaining the financial information in a simple and no technical manner. This can help in understanding the financial health and taking corrective actions if any for the future growth of the organization. It can also help take a good decision.
3) Efficient coordination
Management accounting involves preparing budgets for the functional departments of the organization and thus helps them fix the targets appropriately to achieve this. The organizational objectives can only be achieved if all the departments strive ahead to meet the goals.
This can only be achieved through proper coordination of the multiple departments. Management accounting involves the preparation of the periodical performance of the concerned departments. This helps bring up the much-needed coordination between the different departments.
4) The motivation for the employees
Management accounting is designed to set goals for the employees and the departments. This can go a long way in promoting the best and most economical mode of action. In addition to creating the goals, the management accounting also takes proactive steps in measuring the effectiveness and efficiency of each of the employees involved in the task.
This individual measurement goes a long way in promoting employee morale. Given the measurement of each of the employees, they will attempt to improve their performance levels in turn in focussing on the improvement of the organizational goals. Thus Management Accounting goes a long way in motivating the employees to a greater extent.
5) Effective Communication
Management Accounting also has yet another major objective that involves communicating the important financial information to the stakeholders and those interested in the affairs of the organization. This helps in guiding the stakeholders towards the right path to be followed for achieving the desired goals.
The communication is shared through the reports which are specifically the prerogative of the management accounting. These reports are to be brought to the attention of multiple departments for effective addressing of the concerns if any and taking the guided path towards achieving the right objectives of the organization.
6) Proper organization of fundamental activities
Management Accounting also takes a great lead in organizing the multiple areas of the business in a more positive manner. The concept of management accounting assists the business through its recommendations in the realm of budgeting, accounting, fixing responsibilities, opting for cost control and several other areas.
All these initiatives and functions involve a perfect degree of organization and an intensive study of the activities involved. This will go a long way in optimizing the organizational structure.
7) Solving critical business problems
A business always looks ahead to improve on itself. Growth is what signifies the existence of a business. Management Accounting helps it achieve this goal. No matter whether you are looking to start a new business, or diversifying into a new one, management Accounting can be quite handy in those situations.
Several situations arise in a business which offers you multiple alternatives. Management Accounting the reports generated by it can come in handy in those situations. It helps you in solving such strategic business problems and aids in making the right decision.
8) Performance Control
This is another objective that Management accounting can quite handy enough. It has been considered to be one of the prominent tools for enhanced managerial control. By design, every organization has multiple responsibility centers, and each of these has its functions to handle.
Management accounting can help you achieve the performance of each of the responsibility centers. It will also monitor the performance of each of these responsibility centers and take care of the corrective actions if any for these responsibility centers.
9) Evaluate policy efficiency
Management accounting also assists in emphasizing on the management audit. Management audit, in essence, involves evaluating the effectiveness of the policies being followed. This can help in reviewing the management policies from time to time and thus taking any corrective actions if the actual results are deviating from what has been predicted or anticipated for the growth.
Secondary objectives of management accounting
Apart from the important objectives that have been explained in complete detail in the above paragraphs, Management Accounting also comes with a few minor objectives that assist in reaching the business goals effectively.
Some of these additional objectives include
- Presentation of data related to the financial health of the organization to the stakeholders. This enormous data has to be streamlined and organized in an easy to understand format. One such example is Profit and loss data of the business. This consolidated data arranged in an easy to understand manner can help you inaccurate decision making.
- Management accounting also takes care of modification of data to suit the requirements of the individual departments. For instance, the purchasing department may need to find the figures in terms of month, year or quarter. It may also be needed in a region specific or retailer-specific format.
- Data forecasting is yet another important part of the objective that management accounting is expected to handle. The forecasts can either be short term or long term. Management accounting provides the necessary data need for this forecasting.
- Analysis of data is another objective that management accounting needs to focus on. The data available from multiple channels are to be arranged in a proper and streamlined manner. This organization of data assists in getting a meaningful and useful interpretation of data. This also helps in projecting the right trends for the growth of the business.
The Concluding Thoughts
Those were a few salient aspects and objectives that Management Accounting needs to focus on. We assume we have covered all the aspects while discussing the major objectives that it attempts to achieve. Management accounting is the exact means that paves the way for a successful realization of the organizational goals and objectives.