Power is an essential aspect for the success of any organization. It is not necessarily a bad thing but rather a control of authority, impact and having a particular skill over others. In an ideal organization, both the manager and employee have powers that allow them to monitor and inspire people or events around them on a day to day basis in attaining their goals. If not well checked, power can turn out to be a negative element in an organization, especially when abused.
In the modern workplace, exercising power should not be in the form of coercion, neither should it be exploitative and manipulative. Instead, it should be utilized in a positive way that can help in attaining organizational goals.
Every employee in an organization has 5primary sources of power that are determined by their particular strengths and weaknesses. Find them below;
The Five Sources of Power are :
1) Personal power
Personal power can be described as the type of power that emanates from within your character. It revolves around the strengths that you have as an individual towards what you believe in, your ability to communicate effectively as well as motivate people around you. It also revolves around a passion for greatness, your charisma as an individual as well as the leadership skills that you are capable of portraying.
Personal power essentially enables you to use your innate abilities to take control and create an impact on the people and events that you interact with on a daily basis. It is one of the best sources of power that can allow you to be expressive and reveal your ability to its best irrespective of your position in the organization. It reveals who you are by just regarding your instinctive personality.
2) Task power
This is the type of power that originates from the role or process that you undertake while at work. It is widely evident that people always have a way of expediting or encumbering the efforts of their fellow colleagues at work depending on various prevailing factors through utilization of the task force. It is simply the influence or control that co-workers have over their fellow workmates. They may use the task power they have at their disposal to facilitate or frustrate their colleagues.
Task power often involves negative consequences to junior colleagues especially when they fail to meet expectations. Direct punishments and withholding of rewards and other incentives are some of the consequences involved with task power.
3) Relationship power
Relationship power is one of the sources of power that revolves around the manner in which you relate with other colleagues within and outside job environment. Your approach and means of interaction with these workmates are what greatly determines the relationship power that you cultivate on the job. Several ways can be used to build relationship power such as establishing close friendships with the top management, shareholders and possibly owners of the organization. Ensuring that you are in good terms with the individuals who owe you favours at the workplace is also a suitable way of building relationship power.
Creating a mutual connection atmosphere with colleagues who offer you with vital information and comprehensions that you would hardly get through your normal business relationship is also a better way of establishing relationship power.
Of essence is to understand how you create, maintain and enhance these relationships from time to time to help you in getting the best out of them.
4) Position power
This power is mainly about the rank or position that you hold within the organization and its influence on the overall productivity and utilization of resources. It defines the authority that you exercise in the organization to ultimately provide desirable results on how you relate to other employees and also the manner in which you use the power to mobilize for human and financial resources.
Mostly, managers have a relatively high position power in the organization. Nevertheless, it would be important to understand that presently, an ideal leader does not necessarily rely on their position power to get things done accordingly but instead apply their personality, relationship and knowledge to influence others into getting the best at what they want to be done. It is a great way of not only understanding people but also finding mechanisms that would help in building you as an individual and also the organization at large.
5) Knowledge power
Knowledge power refers to the expertise that you have attained through various means of learning in the pursuit of your career. People learn different aspects of their jobs before and during their career life. You acquire knowledge regarding the career that you undertake helping you to understand various concepts and elements that will be applicable during on job situations. Also, you also undergo training that places you in a better position of comprehending and applying different concepts of your work thus giving you knowledge power.
Importantly, you need to understand that there is never a limit to knowledge power as you can read broadly on a daily basis to enhance your expertise in your particular field of interest. Learning Resources in the present day of the internet are inexhaustible. There are many sources of power and power is needed by everyone to get the work done!
In the end….
An important element in regards to sources of power is always ensuring that you understand yourself by determining your weaknesses and strengths. Any power that you strongly possess should be exercised in a manner that creates positivity in helping you and the employees to achieve the set organizational goals and objectives.
Furthermore, you also need to ensure that you capitalize on your strong points by getting the most out of them and at the same time working on your weaker points to improve on them. Of importance is to never over exercise the little power that you have negatively. It can be dangerous and adverse to the overall well-being of other employees and jeopardize the accomplishment of your organizational goals.